The Anxiety and Stress Disorders ClinicGuided by over a decade of research into the nature and causes of anxiety, the Anxiety and Stress Disorders Clinic at The Ohio State University is committed to the development and provision of state-of-the-art treatments for individuals suffering from anxiety-related problems. The clinic's mission involves the prevention and amelioration of anxiety-related pathology for central Ohio and beyond.
Cardiopulmonary Behavioral Medicine LaboratoryThe Cardiopulmonary Behavioral Medicine Program is an externship training program within the Health specialty of the Clinical Area in the Department of Psychology. Advanced graduate students participating in this practicum experience have the opportunity to conduct behavioral and psychological assessments of patients being evaluated for lung volume reduction surgery and for lung transplant surgery. In addition, students provide individual and group stress management training for patients in pulmonary and cardiac rehabilitation, as well as smoking cessation intervention.
Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine Research LabThe Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine Laboratory at the Ohio State University is dedicated to the exploration of physiological and psychological adaptation to stress and coping. The emphasis is on behavioral cardiology and behavioral endocrinology. We are interested in how psychological and behavioral factors can affect the functioning of the cardiac, vascular, and neuroendocrine systems. A specific focus is the examination of how stress might interfere with homeostatic processes to result in maladaptive metabolic consequences. Dr. Catherine M. Stoney is the director of the program.
Cognitive Neurophysiology LabOur investigations aim to determine the neural basis of cognitive processes by combining neurophysiological techniques with an analysis of operant behavior in rats. A major focus has been on the role of ascending projections from the basal forebrain to the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. The behavioral neurophysiological techniques include multiple single neuron recording that allow for millisecond time resolution of physiology and behavioral performance of tasks designed to assess working memory and sustained attention. In order to determine the neural mechanisms underlying these cognitive processes, behavioral task parameters are systematically varied to produce disruptions or enhancements in performance. By assessing the resultant behavior in combination with various pharmacological challenges, we can begin to understand the neural circuitry underlying working memory and sustained attention.
Cognitive Development LabOur research focuses on the development of higher-order cognition, including categorization, reasoning, and problem solving, and interrelationships between cognition and language.
Our goal is to understand
(1) mechanisms of knowledge representation and
(2) changes in these mechanisms in the course of learning and cognitive development.
We examine these mechanisms in both knowledge-rich domains, such as mathematics and science, and in knowledge-lean domains, such as object spatial arrangements. Our current projects focus on the development of induction in young children, the development of mathematical reasoning, representation of propositions and deductive arguments, and problem representation in experts and novices.
Group for Attitudes and PersuasionGAP was founded at Ohio State University in 1987. It consists of faculty and students who are interested in investigating basic and applied issues related to attitudes, persuasion, and evaluative processes in social judgment. The group meets weekly during the academic year to plan research, discuss completed research, and hear both formal and informal talks from internal and external speakers. On this web page you can find the current GAP schedule and information about both resident GAP members and alumni.
Language Perception LaboratoryResearch in our lab addresses the following question: How does the mind of a listener translates the acoustic energy emanating from a talker's mouth into the words intended by the talker?
One project investigates how listeners' knowledge of their language is used in auditory word recognition. In prior work I investigated how lexical knowledge influences this process. In more recent work, we have explored how listeners' knowledge of English phonology and phonotactics (i.e., permissible and impermissible phoneme sequences) can influence recognition. For example, we investigated whether listeners are sensitive to the sequential dependencies between segments in English. Other studies have examined listeners' sensitivity to the syllabic structure of words.
In a related project, I, along with Keith Johnson and Elizabeth Hume of the Linguistics Department are examining how listeners recognize phonological variants (i.e., alternative pronunciations) of spoken words. Phonological variation occurs naturally and frequently in speech production, yet listeners rarely exhibit difficulty in recognizing the words intended by the talker. More information about this project can be found here.
A third line of work is in a very different field, that of mathematical modeling. With the development of mathematical models of language and other mental processes, there has arisen a need for tools with which to evaluate and understand the behaviors of these models. This work, done in collaboration with In Jae Myung, focuses on developing such techniques. In Jae's home page can be found here.